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The VW 411 and Type 4  History!

The VW 411 (Type 4) was a German midsize sedan manufacturer Volkswagen. The name was first sale VW 411 (1968-1972) and after a revision of a VW SP2 acquired, designed front end VW 412 in Brazil (1972-1974).

Both versions were built as two-and four-door sedans with Hatchback, as well as a three-door station wagons in 1969, which carried the additional title "Variant". The trend towards five-door estate VW was not followed because of the high development costs.

Both model series based on the classic concept of driving VW Type 1 (Beetle): The air-cooled boxer engine was in the rear and the rear wheels were driven. However, the design of the Type 4 was inspired not so much to those of the beetle as it was that of the VW Type 3 still. The motors ("Flat Boxer") were 1.7 to 1.8-liter displacement, reaching for those days respectable performance from 68 to 85 hp. Technically remarkable was the 80 HP version with electronic fuel injection (D-Jetronic) from Bosch, which also in the VW-Porsche 914 was used.

Because of the drive concept (rear engine) under the hood had a large trunk are placed to against the former competitors spacewise competitive. The resulting large "nose" of the car inspired the population, the VW Type 4 to give the nickname "coati". Others consider the model due to the obsolete already at the launch of 1968 concept as "Nordhoff's legacy" or "parting gift" (after Heinrich Nordhoff, CEO of VW from 1948 to 1968) or indicated "411" as "4 doors, 11 years late ".

In contrast to all previous VW cars of the 411 no bottom frame had more, his body was the first self-supporting car body from VW (the VW Type 2 - Transporter / Bus as a commercial vehicle such had since the start of mass production). He was also the first model with MacPherson struts in front, the coil springs-trailing arm rear axle is of type 2 or type 3 automatic derived.

The VW 411 or later VW 412 (Type 4) was fitted as standard effective as fuel-devouring, petrol electric auxiliary heater with timer of Eberspächer (Type BA4) because the heat output of the heat exchanger (Heizbirnen) as the VW Type 1 was not enough. Also a two-stage fresh air blower was standard, as indeed the standard equipment compared to other VWs that time was generous: Hydraulic clutch, reversing lamps, halogen headlamps (from 69), cloth seats, radial tires, the L-model additionally eg timer, velor carpets and reclining seats.

Symbol explanation: 411/412 E - injectors, 411/412 L (E) - Luxury version, 412 (L) S - Sports (85 hp)

In the six years of production of type 4 only 367,728 units were built, one for VW painfully low numbers. Surely one of the reasons why he was abandoned prematurely and set up today without a successor (the Passat was formally only from 1973 the successor to the smaller VW Type 3 aka 1600).

Vehicle population in 2008 (Germany): 416 pieces, of which 217 variant (Type 46), 92 two-door model (Type 41) and 107 four-door (type 42). Reasons for the low current stock one hand enormous corrosion problems, which the body of the guy was exposed 4 (VW had sprayed the cavity between the sheets with foam, the moisture stored), also the car had front no inner fenders, so dirt and rainwater from the Tyre was injected into the entire area between the fender and trunk and there unnoticed caused considerable pitting. Another reason is the rapid loss of value even at the start of production unpopular car learned: Most experienced defective VW Type 4 a quick end as the motor for VW Bus, VW and Porsche sought in beetle conversions was.

Originally designed for this car type 4 - Air Boxer lived with capacity expansions up to 2 liters in the VW bus / van to the year 1982.

At Volkswagen do Brasil from 1973 to 1979 was a vehicle with a body similar to the 412, but built shortened wheelbase, one-piece side windows and air-1600s boxer, which especially in rural areas in South America are still found on many specimens. His name: VW Brasilia. (Source: wikipedia)

The VW 411 Grand Prix

In South Africa, 1971, three particularly sporty models from VW 411 were offered. All three versions were given the model designation VW 411 Grand Prix.

Here is an extract from a South African magazine (CAR page 15) from April 1971 (with their own research supplements) translated into German:


Volkswagen South Africa has announced a new version version of the VW 411 models, now available from Volkswagen dealers throughout the Republic.

Known as the "VW 411 Grand Prix" version comes in three development stages on the market. They were jointly developed by the new product promotion department at the Uitenhage plant in cooperation with Superformance from Johannesburg.


The first stage he gives a performance improvement that should be sufficient to achieve a slightly higher top speed, costs R 287 -00 (include some items on the exchange included) plus installation.


In the second Level in addition to the first ever to be a Superformance GP2 - camshaft installed (in exchange) for R 24 -00 and - it is alleged one-provide fascinating idea - 0 -100 km / h in about 11 seconds and almost 170 kilometers per hour speed limit.


For competition

The 3-stage version receives an additional GP 3 cylinder heads and camshafts to level 1 for additional R 100 -00 (in exchange, plus material costs). This modification is recommended for competition use: rallying, track races and sprints.


The VW factory rally cars were in the development of the "Grand Prix" version used as a prototype, and it is reported that the Assembly approved the design at various stages does not affect the normal warranty k lauseln for the new VW models 411 has, and that the changes themselves carry an unconditional 6-month or 10,000 km warranty on all non-electrical parts, which were supplied by Superformance.


Equipment options

The conversion includes a large number of options, such as Rally Mag wheels (a nice style) and to be lowered front suspension (minus 76 mm!), Plus a set of adjustable Koni shocks all around (total cost R 232 -00, plus installation) and an unspoken requirement here would be radial tires for the rally mags.

There are also a wide range of special equipment for the improvement of instruments and controls (see "Specifications"), which run to a total of about R 150 -00 be



Stage 1:
Twin "S" intake manifold                                           R   34 -00 pair
Twin Weber carburetor 36 DCD                                  R   56-30 per piece
Carburetor mounting kit (Kit)                                        R     8 -00 pair
Preset carburetor                                          R     5 -00
Air filter (pair)                                             R   24 -00
Cobra Exhaust Manifold / Pipes                     R   50 -00
GP 1 cylinder heads (pair -, exchange)                    R   50-00
Spark plug (suppressed in the set)                         R     3-00
Installation costs                                                             not specified
TOTAL COST KIT                                          R 267 -00


Stage 2:

As for Level 1 plus:

Superformance GP2 Camshaft (Barter)                 R   24 -00

Installation costs                                                             not specified


Level 3:

(Competition): in addition as for level 1:

Superformance GP3 cylinder heads (exchange)
Superformance camshafts GP3 (exchange)
Cost level - parts                                             R 110-00

Installation costs                                                             not specified


Suspension modifications (Optional):

Rally Mag wheels (set of 4)                                         R 124 -00
Koni adjustable shocks (set)                          R    98 -00
Lowered springs (exchange)                                R   10 -00

Installation costs                                                             not specified


Instruments / operation (Optional):

Center console                                                             R    22 -00
Oil pressure gauge                                                          R     5 -95
Oil Pressure Sensor                                                             R   10 -45
Ammeter                                                             R     2-90
Oil temperature meter                                                   R   13-20
Rev counter                                                         R   25-60
Personal wood steering wheel                                            R   33 -05
Wiper arm spoiler (Paar.)                                          R    1-80
Multijet electr. Washer                           R     4-85
Cibie headlamps with H 1 - lamps (Paar.)           R 32 -40




Levels 1 and 2 combined:

0-100 km / h ..............................        11s

Maximum .................. 169 km / h

(Based on manufacturer's data)


Stage 1 and 3 combined (competition):

Engine power                                                    104.5 kW - 142 hp

Speed ​​max. U / min                                     7000


The VW 411 "Grand Prix" is complete with rally stripes, Rally Mag wheels and Cibie long-distance driving lamps (200 mm diam., Each with 130 watts). Three levels of engine versions were offered.


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